Jaltomata athahuallapae S. Leiva & Mione

northern Peru
revised 6 July 2015  
Link to Jaltomata homepage Link to table comparing all Jaltomata
species of Cajamarca, Peru
Link to table comparing all Jaltomata
species of northern Peru
Figure 1. In this flower of Jaltomata athahuallapae the anther on the left dehisced while the other four anthers have not yet dehisced
(Mione et al. 828, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 2. In the flower on the left one anther dehisced and four are undehisced; in the flower on the right three anthers have dehisced and two have not; Jaltomata athahuallapae (Mione et al. 828, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 3. Shoot of Jaltomata athahuallapae (numbered units on the left side of the ruler are cm, Mione et al. 828, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 4. Inflorescence of Jaltomata athahuallapae (Mione et al. 828, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 5. Leaves of Jaltomata athahuallapae (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 6. Fruits of Jaltomata athahuallapae (smallest units on ruler are mm, Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 7. Marker, 14 cm long, placed on top of Jaltomata athahuallapae shrub to show location, Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione, city of Cajamarca in background . . . in the city unfortunately garbage is common near some roadsides).

 

Collections of Jaltomata athahuallapae, all from Peru, department Cajamarca
Province Locality elevation habitat date collector (herbarium)
Data Entry
Cajamarca in city of Cajamarca,
07 10.013, 78 30.855
2,782
roadside
21 Mar 2007
Leiva G., Mione & Yacher 3646
Mione, Leiva G. & Yacher 743
May 2013
San Marcos Namora, 07 12.095, 78 19.537
2,761
roadside, full sun
26 Mar 2013
Leiva G., Mione & Yacher 5421
Mione, Leiva G. & Yacher 828
May 2013
Cajamarca 07 11.975, 78 25.802
2,751
roadside, habitat movie
26 Mar 2013
Leiva G., Mione & Yacher 5423
Mione, Leiva G. & Yacher 830
May 2013

 

Bees, honey bees to my untrained eye, were visiting flowers of this species when we collected it 26 March 2013, Mione et al. 830.

 

Table 2. Description of Jaltomata athahuallapae.

Character Description Figures on this page
Habit & Height
Shrub 70 cm high, not leaning on other plants  
Branches, young
slightly anglular as seen in cross section, pubescent to villous depending on the collection, the hairs dendritic  
older
brown, nearly cyclindrical, not hollow, 1 - 2 cm diam  
Leaves, size
   
shape    
hairs    
petiole    
Inflorescence
to 14 flowered  
peduncle
   
pedicel
   
Calyx when flowering
   
shape / position when flowering    
at fruit maturity 17 mm diameter (Mione et al. 743)  
hairs    
Corolla color
purple ring high in tube,
lacking 10 green maculae near base of corolla
(Mione et al. 743)
 
shape and size
   
lobes/lobules
I wrote "looks like no lobules with hand lens" in my field notebook (Mione et al. 743)  
hairs
   
Stamen length including anther
   
length stamens exserted beyond distal end of corolla (applicable if corolla has a well-defined tube)    
   
base expanded laterally?    
filaments villous along the proximal half, the hairs unpigmented 1, 2, 4, 10, 17
anther color light yellow (Mione et al. 743)  
anther size    
anther mucronate/mucronulate    
insertion of filament into anther    
anthers of a flower open simultaneously? no 1, 2, 4, 10, 12, 17
pollen quantity per flower 54,500 - 100,750 counts by Emmett Varricchio and T.M, n = 2 flowers, collected in wild (not grown for study)
pollen grain size    
corona no  
Stigma
green, bilobed 1, 2, 4, 10, 12, 17, 18
Style
off-white 1, 2, 4, 10, 12, 17, 18
Ovary
   
Ovules per ovary
68 - 89 n = 2 flowers collected in wild (not grown for study)
Nectar
   
Herkogamy    
Protogyny    
Fruit color (at maturity) and size
orange, 12-13 mm diam X 9.5 mm (oblate spheriod) 6,7 fruits per infruct
Seeds per fruit
 
no data
Seed Size
 
no data
Chromosome number
 
no data
Growability in Connecticut, USA
 
no data
How long does it take from flower to ripe fruit?
 
no data
Self-Compatible?
 
no data
Seed Germination
 
no data
Ratio of pollen to ovules
801 - 1,132 n = 2 flowers collected in wild (not grown for study)
Character Description of Jaltomata namorae Figures on this web page



Figure 8. Side-view of flower of Jaltomata athahuallapae shows that the corolla tube narrows slightly from the base toward the throat
(Mione et al. 828, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 9. Shrub of Jaltomata athahuallapae (14 cm long marker placed on top of Jaltomata plant to show size, Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione, city of Cajamarca in background).
Figure 10. In this flower of Jaltomata athahuallapae the anthers on the left and right dehisced while the other two anthers have not yet dehisced (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 11. Shoot of Jaltomata athahuallapae (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione, city of Cajamarca in background).
Figure 12. In this flower of Jaltomata athahuallapae the shape of the anther, the shape of the stigma in side view, and the shape of the sepal are easy to see (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 13. Roadside habitat. There are two plants of Jaltomata athahuallapae, the one on the left having a ruler on it, and one all the way to the right from approx 1 m of the ground to 3 m off the ground, Mione et al. 830, photo by Thomas Mione)
Figure 14. Roadbank, habitat of Jaltomata athahuallapae. The larger leaves about 1 m higher than the ruler are the same species as the lower plant having the ruler on it. The plant that is all the way to the right in the preceding figure is shown at the center of this figure (Mione et al. 830, photo by Thomas Mione)
Figure 15. Back of the calyx of flower of Jaltomata athahuallapae (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 16. Younger stem (Mione et al. 743, photo by Thomas Mione)

Figure 17. Flower and flower buds

Mione et al. 743

photo by Thomas Mione

Figure 18. Older stem

 

Jaltomata athahuallapae



Mione et al. 743

 

smallest units on higher side of ruler are mm

 

photo by Thomas Mione

Figure 18. Flower and flower buds

Jaltomata athahuallapae

Mione et al. 743

photo by Thomas Mione

This is the kind of vehicle we rent for field work in Peru, fieldwork 2007, Thomas Mione in vehicle.