Jaltomata bernardelloana S. Leiva & Mione
Peru
revised 3 Feb 2014
Link to Jaltomata homepage
The information on this page may be cited as a communication with
Segundo Leiva G., Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Av. América Sur 3145, Casilla postal 1075, Trujillo, Peru, and
professor Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall,
1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050-4010 USA

Arnaldoa 5(2):179-192. 1998

Link to Jaltomata of La Libertad, Peru
Link to Jaltomata of northern Peru

Link to edible Jaltomata
including this species
Discovered by
Segundo Leiva G.
Named to honor Dr. Gabriel Bernardello

Mione & S. Leiva 640

photo taken in Peru
by T. Mione

Figure 1.

 

Figure 2.

Mione & S. Leiva 640

photo taken in Peru
by T. Mione

Figure 3.

 

Inflorescence
with flowers,
flower buds
and
unripe fruits

Note branching of inflorescence

 

 

Mione & S. Leiva 640

photo by
Thomas Mione
in Peru

Character Description Figures on this page
Habit & Height
shrub 1 - 2 (-5) m  
Branches, young
   
older
   
Leaves, size
   
shape    
hairs    
petiole    
Inflorescence
6-12 (-18)  
peduncle
   
pedicel
  4
Calyx at flowering
  4
shape / position when flowering lobes reflexed 1, 4
at fruit maturity    
Corolla color
purple  
shape and size
   
lobes/lobules
   
hairs
   
no dissecting microscope Aug 2012
Stamen length including anther
   
length stamens exserted beyond distal end of corolla (applicable if corolla has a well-defined tube) approximately 2 to 3 mm in the photo in protologue; 0 in the photos I took in Peru and in the illustration in the protologue.  
filaments    
anther color   (we forgot to include in protologue)
anther size    
anther mucronate/mucronulate    
anthers of a flower open simultaneously?    
pollen quantity per flower 104,500 (n = 1 flower) Mione et al. 640, count by Emmett P. Varricchio, 2012, flower collected in wild (not grown for study)
pollen grain size diameter (polar view): mean 29.975 µm,
range 27.5 - 35 µm
n = 50 grains, stained in cotton blue in lactophenol,
anthers stored in 70% ethanol prior, by Alison L. Grissom, 2008, Mione et al. 640, flower collected in wild (not grown for study)
corona no  
Stigma
   
Style
   
Ovary
   
Ovules per ovary
114 (n = 1 flower) Mione et al. 640, count by T. M., 2012, flower collected in Peru (not grown for study)
Nectar
   
Herkogamy    
Protogyny    
Fruit color (at maturity) and size
orange 2
Seeds per fruit
   
Seed Size
   
Chromosome number
   
Growability in Connecticut, USA
   
How long does it take from flower to ripe fruit?
   
Self-Compatible?
   
Seed Germination
   
Ratio of Pollen to Ovules 917 (104,500 / 114 ovules) Mione et al. 640, 2012, flower collected in Peru (not grown for study)
Character Description of Jaltomata bernardelloana Figures on this web page

 

 

Geographic & Altitudinal Distribution: Peru, Department La Libertad, province Otuzco, 2,780 - 3,320 m, flowering in March, May and June.

Locality
elevation m
habitat
date
collector (herbarium)
Data Entry
Abajo de Shitahuara (oeste de Salpo)
3,000
entre arbustos de Verbesina
11 Jun 1992
S. Leiva G. et al. 578 (F)
Jan 2007
Abajo de San Miguel (ruta a Samne)
2,900
Apoyante sobre Prunus serotina
27 May 1993
S. Leiva G. et al. 745 (F HAO MO NY)
Jan 2007
Abajo de Shitahuara (alrededor de Salpo)
3,050
Ladera de abundantes arbustos
15 Jun 1993
S. Leiva G. 786 (HAO)
Jan 2007
Arriba de El Horcón (Ruta Salpo - Samne)
3,100
Borde de acequia entre Prunus, Alnus
8-I-1994
S. Leiva G. et al. 988
Jan 2007
Abajo de Shitahuara (al norte de Salpo)
3,320
Ladera, entre Rubus, Calceolaria, Salvia
13 Jun 1994
S. Leiva G. et al. 1190 (HAO, K)
Jan 2007
El Escalón (al oeste de Salpo)
3,050
Entre arbustos de Franseria, Rubus
13 Jun 1994
S. Leiva G. et al. 1149 (HAO)
Jan 2007
Alrededores de Piedra Gorda (ruta Salpo - Samne)
2,780
borde de carretera entre arbustos
13 Mar 1995
S. Leiva G. 1698 (HAO)
Jan 2007
abajo de San Miguel (ruta Salpo - Samne)
3,070
riachuelo, entre Prunus serotina y Alunus
11 May 1997
S. Leiva G. 1980 (F, HAO, US)
Jan 2007
Distrito Salpo, route from Salpo to Samne, 8 01 00 S, 78 33 40 W
3,070
remnant of vegetation along stream, surrounded by agriculature
11 Jun 1999
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 640
Jan 2007
Figure 4a. Jaltomata bernardelloana flower bud (Mione et al. 640, units vertically along left are mm). Figure 4b. Jaltomata bernardelloana flower bud at a slightly different focal plane (Mione et al. 640, units vertically along left are mm).
Figure 5. Stigma and style of Jaltomata bernardelloana. Units along bottom are mm. Mione et al. 640; photo by Thomas Mione, August 2012, after flower had been stored in spirits for years.