Jaltomata (Solanaceae) of Cajamarca, Peru
revised Oct 2016
The information on this page may be cited as a communication with professor Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050-4010 USA, and Segundo Leiva G., Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Av. América Sur 3145, Casilla postal 1075, Trujillo, Peru
Link to Jaltomata homepage
Link to table of Jaltomata species of northern Peru
Link to table of Jaltomata species of La Libertad, Peru

A species distribution map (department Cajamarca) is shown lower on this page.

Flower

species

habit and plant height

Mione #

Distribution

Altitude
Hairs Fl Per Inflor Corolla form


Corolla size (mm)

Radial corolla thick-enings?

Corolla color

Nectar Color

Corolla: 2 green maculate flank the radial veinto tip of each lobe? Corolla lobules

Anther Size mm
(undehisced, pickled in Peru)

  Endemic to Cajamarca?

J. paneroi

shrub

533, 705

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca


3200 - 3550 m

Densely hairy: finger, forked and dendritic, never gland-tipped
3 - 4
(-6)

campanulate with a revolute limb;
23-25 broad at mouth X 5-10 long (deep)

yes, evident in photo

green

nectar red

no
Lobules wider than long;
not notched
yes

J. neei

shrub

Mione 833

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, Province San Miguel

2645 m
 
3
campanulate-tubular with a broad nearly flat limb; 28 - 39 mm broad at limb X about 13 mm long (deep)
yes, evident in photo at left

green turning blue with age

nectar red

no
Lobules wider than long;
not notched


yes

J. alviteziana

suffrutescent to shrub

Mione 845

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca


2,960-3,085
m

  2(-3)  
yes

 

nectar red

     
yes

J. leivae

suffrutescent or shrub, to 2.5 m across when leaning on other vegetation

Mione 660

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov Contumazá


2,560 - 2,650 m

young axes glabrate with finger or branchlet hairs, woody stems glabrous
(1-) 2
(-3)

urceolate with a revolute limb; 14 broad at mouth, 10 broad at base X 7 - 9 long (deep)

yes

the limb blue-violet,
the tube red-violet

nectar red

 
lobules short
yes

J. contumacensis

leaning shrub 0.7 to 4 m high

Mione 656, probably also Mione 745

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov Contumazá

2,530 - 3,000 m

young axes lanate to glabrate with mostly branchlet hairs and some interspersed finger hairs; woody stems glabrous
2
(-3)
urceolate-tubular with a broad nearly flat (slightly recurved) limb; (16--) 18-19 broad at the limb X12 long (deep)
yes, slightly

green

nectar clear or orange*

 
Lobules triangular, conspicuous in photo
 
yes

J. sanchez-vegae

shrub to
1.4 m high



Peru, Departments Cajamarca,
La Libertad, Amazonas


3000 - 3300 m

gland-tipped finger hairs
1 - 2

urceolate-tubular with a recurved limb

11 mm across at base,
the limb 17 mm broad X 12 long (deep)

yes

green with a purple base

 

nectar clear or orange*

no
Lobules present, (evident in photo), triangular, slightly longer than wide or as long as wide.

2.7 - 3.5 mm long X
1.3 - 1.8 mm wide

 

no

J. yacheri

suffrutescent to 1 m high

Mione 670, Mione 737

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Hualgayoc

 

3460 m

young axes pilose, woody stems glabrous 2- to 3-
(4 incl buds)

urceolate with a reflexed to revolute limb

tube 8 - 13 mm long, base 10-12 mm diameter

 

yes

bright blue-purple

nectar clear

no Lobules present (evident in photo) triangular    
yes

new sp.? or new var/subsp. of yacheri?

shrub 1.5 - 2 m high

Mione 749

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Cajamarca

3060 m

young axes with dense covering of dendritic hairs at least many of which are gland-tipped 2 - 3

urceolate with a reflexed to revolute limb

tube 13 mm long, base 9 mm diameter

yes

blue face on (left), purple longiview (right)

nectar clear

no Lobules present (evident in photo) triangular

3.7 X 2.05

 

yes
Flower

species

habit and plant height

Mione #

Distribution


Altitude

Hairs Fl Per Inflor Corolla form

Corolla size (mm)

Radial
corolla
thick-
enings?

Corolla color

 

Nectar Color

Corolla: 2 green maculate flank the radial veinto tip of each lobe? Corolla lobules

Anther Size mm

(undehisced, pickled in Peru)

  Endemic to Cajamarca?
J. salpoensis Peru, Depts Cajamarca & La Libertad                
no

J. lezamae

shrub to 60 cm

Mione: 581, 582, 655, 661, 754, 794

Peru, Depts Cajamarca & La Libertad

2000 - 2709 m

young axes densely pubescent, all the hairs gland-tipped

2 - 4 broadly infundibular

no

white

 

nectar clear

no yes
(evident in photo)
  calyx hairless, mature fruits green!
no

shrub to 1.2 m high
Mione 744 (Leiva 3647)

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov. Cajamarca

3060 m

woody stems glabrous 3 - 6 broadly infundibular to rotate, __-__ mm across no

white with a purple ring (showing)

nectar clear

yes yes: lobules conspicuous
(evident in photo)
   
yes
J. sanmiguelina

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov. San Miguel

3190 m

glabrous 2 - 6   no

white

nectar clear

yes no  
yes

J. oppositifolia

shrub to 1.2 m high

Mione 674

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov. Chota

2250 - 3090 m

woody stems glabrous 2- (3
incl
buds)

broadly infundibular to rotate, 12-13 mm across

 

no

white

nectar clear

yes yes: lobules conspicuous
(evident in photo)
 
yes

J. chotanae

shrub

Mione 673, 731, 732, 734

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, prov. Chota

2000 - 2270 m

      no

white or very nearly white

nectar clear

yes yes

 


yes

J. sinuosa

shrub

in Cajamarca: 534, 668, 672, 677, 733, 736

widespread in the Andes dense covering of gland-tipped finger hairs of varying lengths     no nectar clear yes yes  
no
Flower

species

habit and plant height

Mione #

Distribution


Altitude

Hairs Fl Per Inflor

Corolla form

 


Corolla size (mm)

Radial corolla thickenings?

Corolla color

Nectar Color

Corolla: 2 green maculate flank the radial vein to tip of each lobe? Corolla lobules?

Anther Length mm

Endemic to Cajamarca?

J. cajamarca

shrub to 1m

537, 653, 757

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Contumazá

altitude

young stems with both dendritic and finger hairs, older axes glabrate to 17

short tubular with a rotate limb

limb 16-22 diam, the tube 3 long by 5 diam

no

violet to white

ring of purple at meeting of tube & limb

nectar clear

No yes (evident in photo)  
no

undescribed

shrub

675 (Leiva 2379)

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Chota, 6 31 55 S, 79 05 07 W

3,560 m

young stems very sparsely pubescent, erect whitish finger hairs not gland tipped to 13 short tubular with a rotate limb no

off-white to white

ring of purple at meeting of tube & limb

nectar clear

yes yes (evident in photo at right)

1.77 mm long X 1.53 wide

 

yes
  J. pilosissima

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Cutervo

2240 - 2450 m

  2 - 4       No yes 1.4 - 1.5mm long X 1.5 - 1.6 mm wide

 
yes

J. lanata

shrub to 1.2 m

665, 666,
741, 835

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province San Pablo

1850 -2400 m

young stems sericeous to lanate, the finger hairs not gland-tipped to 13 incl buds

short tubular with a rotate limb

limb 7 - 11 diam, the tube 2 long by 3.8 diam

no

whitish purple to pale purple, ring of purple at meeting of tube & limb

nectar clear

yes no lobules  
yes
 

J. sagastegui

shrub to 1 m

536, 654, 755, 756

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Contumazá

2500 m

young stems dendritic, rarely forked or finger to 12

short-tubular with a rotate limb

limb 11-14 diam, tube 4-5 long, 4.5 - 5 diam

no

white

 

nectar clear

yes lobules inconspicuous to absent    
yes

J. parviflora

shrub to 70 cm

667 (Leiva 2368), 739 (Leiva 3642)

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province San Miguel

2470 m

glabrescent (Leiva's notes) 2-4 (Leiva's notes) short-tubular with a finally rotate limb no

cream-whitish

nectar clear

yes no lobules

1.19 long X 1.11 wide

 

 
yes

J. athahuallapae

shrub to 70 cm

Mione 743
(Leiva 3646)

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Cajamarca

2782 m

  5 - 9 short-tubular with a finally recurved limb no nectar clear No no lobules  
yes

J. glomeruliflora

shrub to 70 cm

662, 752, 753

Peru, Dept. Cajamarca, province Contumazá

 

lanate on young stems, the finger hairs sometimes gland-tipped to 12

short-tubular with a rotate to revolute limb. limb 7 - 10 mm diam, tube 2.5 - 3 mm long, base of tube 4 mm diam

no

very pale violet with ring of purple at meeting of tube & limb

presumably clear

no (752)

yes (753)

lobules present but small    
yes
J. auriculata

Venezuela to Bolivia

 

900 - 1860 m

white

 

nectar clear

     
no

J. repandidentata

herb

see list of J. rep. specimens studied

widespread in Latin America

usually below 1200 m

rotate        
no

* corolla transparent, so nectar can be seen through corolla wall
Lobules - lobules alternate with corolla lobes when present. In the photos above lobules are clearly evident in J. contumacensis. Flowers that were stored in 70% ethanol when collected were used to check lobules.
Radial Corolla Thickenings - where present, these extend from base of stamen to sinus or lobule of corolla. In the photos above these are evident in J. paneroi.

Photos of J. sinuosa shown above were not taken in Department Cajamarca: they are of collection Mione 650 photographed in the CCSU greenhouse, plants grown from seed collected in Peru, Dept. La Libertad.

The following species distribution map was made by and generously provided by Samantha Serazo, 2011.

Literature Cited

Description of the genus Jaltomata

Acknowledgements: T. Mione thanks Segundo Leiva G. and Leon Yacher for their collaboration. I thank David Spooner for sending me his specimens. Samantha Serazo generously provided the distribution map. Gregory J. Anderson and Gabriel Bernardello provided an environment conducive to the birth of this project.