Jaltomata lanata S. Leiva & Mione
Peru 
revised 25 Sep 2014 
Link to Jaltomata
homepage

The information on this page may be cited as a communication with professor Thomas Mione,
Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall, 1615 Stanley Street,
New Britain, Connecticut 06050-4010, United States of America, and professor
Segundo Leiva G., Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Av. América Sur 3145,
Casilla postal 1075, Trujillo, Peru.

Novon 17: 49 - 58. 2007.
Link to Jaltomata of Cajamarca, Peru
Link to the Jaltomata species of northern Peru
Link to edible Jaltomata species, including this one
Link to local names of Jaltomata species, including this one
Figure 1. Flower of Jaltomata lanata (Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 2. Jaltomata lanata S. Leiva & Mione. --A. Branch with leaves and inflorescences. --B. Flower, lateral view. --C. Corolla, dissected to show the insertion of the stamens. --D. Stamen in ventral view. --E, F. Anther with distal portion of filament, dorsal and lateral views, respectively. --G. Gynoecium including basal disk. --H. Berry with calyx, in lateral view. Scale bar of E also applies to D & F. (S. Leiva 1731, drawn by S. Leiva G.).
Figure 3. Back of flower of Jaltomata lanata (Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 4. Side view of flower, stigma showing at top middle, of Jaltomata lanata (sepal that was oriented toward viewer was removed for a better view of the corolla tube, units along bottom are mm, Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 5. Branches, leaves, flowers, flower buds of Jaltomata lanata (Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).

 

Character Below: Description of Jaltomata lanata Figures on this page
Habit & Height

Shrub or suffrutescent, 0.80--1.2 m high;

 

 
Branches, young
angulate, green or brown, sericeous to lanate  
older
brown, somewhat angular, to 1.5 cm in diameter at base, sparsely pubescent to glabrate  
Leaves, blade texture & size
alternate, distally geminate, the blade ovate or eliptic, to 12.5 X 8 cm, membranous  
blade shape including margin the blade ovate or eliptic, the apex acute, the base rounded, the margin dentate to entire  
hairs both faces of the blade glabrescent or pilose, having both finger and branchlet hairs  
petiole to 3 cm  
Inflorescence
axillary, 4- to 8-(13) flowered including buds  
peduncle & pedicel
peduncle and pedicel both 4--7 mm long, terete, green and lanate with both finger and branchlet hairs.  
Calyx when flowering, color & size
green, 7--8 mm across, the lobes deltoid  
shape / position during anthesis broadly crateriform during anthesis  
hairs abaxially densely villous with branchlet and finger hairs, adaxially glabrous except for glands  
at fruit maturity green and to 10 mm across  
Corolla color
whitish purple to pale purple, within the tube two dark-green maculae flank the radial vein extending to the tip of each corolla lobe, narrow purple ring at mouth of tube  
purple ring yes  
shape and size

short-tubular with a rotate limb, the tube (obscured by pressing) 2.4 long X 3.4--3.8 mm wide, the limb 7--11 mm across

 
lobes / lobules
5-lobed, the limb lacking lobules  
hairs
adaxially glabrous, abaxially sparsely pubescent with finger, forked and branchlet hairs, the margin ciliate  
no  
Corona
no  
Stamen length including anther
stamens 3.1--4.2 mm;  
length stamens exserted beyond distal end of corolla (applicable if corolla is tubular or campanulate) exserted beyond mouth of corolla to 1 mm  
position of stamens: a) before anthers dehisce, b) after anthers dehisce    
base expanded laterally?    
filaments filaments somewhat purple at base, otherwise off-white, pubescent with unpigmented hairs along 40--50% of the length;  
anther color yellow  
anther size 1.3--1.5 mm  
anther mucronate/mucronulate    
insertion of filament into anther    
anthers of a flower open simultaneously?    
pollen quantity per flower    
pollen grain size    
Gynoecium, stigma
stigma capitate, bilobed, green, 0.45—0.75 mm, exserted beyond anthers 1.5 mm; stigma papillae 30--35 µm long; gynoecium glabrous except for stigma papillae  
Style
3--4 mm, off-white; except for  
Ovary & Ovarian Disk disk broad, girdling base of ovary  
Ovules per ovary
   
Nectar
   
Herkogamy    
Protogyny    
Fruit color (at maturity) and size
berries subspherical, orange, to 7 X 9 mm at maturity  
Seeds per fruit
seeds 14 to 21 per berry  
Seed Size
seeds brown, alveolate, sub-reniform to sub-triangular, 1.5--1.59 X 1.2--1.29 X 0.45--0.48 mm  
Chromosome number
no data
 
Growability in Connecticut, USA
no data
 
How long does it take from flower to ripe fruit?
no data
 
Self-Compatible?
no data
 
Seed Germination
no data
 
Ratio of pollen to ovules
   
Character Above: Description of Jaltomata lanata Figures on this web page

Discussion. Jaltomata lanata lacks gland-tipped hairs, has a corolla limb 7--11 mm across, stamens 3.1--4.2 mm long, and the style is 3--4 mm long. In contrast, the species to which it is most similar, J. hunzikeri Mione of Peru (Department Lima), is villous with gland-tipped hairs, the corolla limb is 16--17 mm across, stamens are 4.8--7 mm long, and the style is 6--7.7 mm long.

Distribution, ecology, etymology, uses. Jaltomata lanata grows in Peru, Department Cajamarca, province San Pablo, between 1850 and 2400 m of elevation, on roadsides and the edges of agricultural fields. Flowering is in April, May and June, and fruits were observed in May and June. The specific epithet refers to the lanate young plant axes.

 

The ripe berries have an agreeable flavor and are consumed by people (Leiva, 1998).

 

Distribution: Peru, Department Cajamarca, province San Pablo:

province locality
elevation m
habitat
date
collector(s)
Data Entry
San Pablo Caserio El Sangal, 7 07' 17", 78 50' 17"
2220
roadside 18 June 1999 TYPE: S. Leiva, T. Mione & L. Yacher 2365 (HAO, CCSU, CORD, F, HUT).
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 665 (MO) collected at same time
March 2009
San Pablo S de San Pablo       S. Leiva G. 1731 (F, HAO)
March 2009
San Pablo Alrededores de San Pablo       A. Sagástegui A., S. Leiva G. & P. Lezama 15373 (F)
March 2009
San Pablo Alrededores de San Pablo       A. Sagástegui A., S. Leiva G., P. Lezama & R. Veneros 15605 (HAO)
March 2009
San Pablo Caserío Sangal S de San Pablo       A. Sagástegui A., S. Leiva G., P. Lezama & R. Veneros 15624 (CORD, F, HAO)
March 2009
San Pablo San Pablo, Sangal--Puente Pucluch       A. Sagástegui A., S. Leiva G. & E. Aquino 15861 (CORD, F, HAO)
March 2009
San Pablo 07 07.634
78 51.233
2099 - 2105
 
20 Mar 2007
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 741;
S. Leiva, T. Mione & L. Yacher 3644 (HAO)
March 2009
San Pablo 07 07.725
78 51.197
2102
roadside
27 Mar 2013
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 835;
S. Leiva, T. Mione & L. Yacher 5428 (HAO)
March 2013


Figure 6. Side view of flower of Jaltomata lanata (units along top are mm, Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 7. Flower beginning to open, side view, Jaltomata lanata (units along top are mm, Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 8. Flower bud, side view, Jaltomata lanata (Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 9. Immature fruits, Jaltomata lanata (numbered units are cm, smallest units are mm, Mione et al. 741, photo by Thomas Mione).
Figure 10. Branches of Jaltomata lanata (smallest units are mm, Mione et al. 835, photo by Thomas Mione).
Frutex vel suffrutex; laminae ad 12.5 x 8 cm, membranaceae, glabrescentes vel piliferae ramosae vel simplices; inflorescentia 4-8(-13)-flora; corolla brevitubularis limbo rotato, albida ad pallida purpurea, faux quinque paribus maculae viridium, os tubi annulo purpureo instructum, limbus 7--11 mm, lobis 5; stamina 3.1--4.2 mm, antherae 1.3--1.5 mm; styli 3--4 mm.
Link to Jaltomata
homepage

The information on this page may be cited as a communication with professor Thomas Mione,
Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall, 1615 Stanley Street,
New Britain, Connecticut 06050-4010, United States of America, and professor
Segundo Leiva G., Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Av. América Sur 3145,
Casilla postal 1075, Trujillo, Peru.

Novon 17: 49 - 58. 2007.