Jaltomata mionei S. Leiva & Quipuscoa
Peru
revised 25 Sep 2014
Link to Jaltomata
homepage

The information on this page may be cited as a communication with
professor Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall,
1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050-4010 USA, and
Segundo Leiva G., Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Av. América Sur 3145, Casilla postal 1075, Trujillo, Peru

Arnaldoa 5(2): 179-192. 1998

Link to Jaltomata of La Libertad, Peru
Link to table comparing all Jaltomata species of northern Peru
Link to edible Jaltomata species, including this one
Link to local names of Jaltomata species, including this one
Figure 1. Anthers do not dehisce simultaneously (Mione et al. 817, photo by Thomas Mione)
Figure 2. Flower on right is older than the flower on the left (Mione et al. 817, photo by Thomas Mione)

Figure 3.

Photo by
Thomas Mione,
in Peru.

 

Character Below: Description of Jaltomata mionei Figures on this page
Habit & Height
Shrub (Leiva 558, 1797)
but in protologue described as herbaceous
 
Branches, young
   
older
   
Leaves, blade texture & size
   
blade shape including margin    
hairs    
petiole    
Inflorescence
6 - 10 flowers (protologue)  
peduncle & pedicel
   
Calyx when flowering, color & size
   
shape / position during anthesis    
hairs    
at fruit maturity    
Corolla color
   
purple ring yes  
shape and size
tubular  
lobes / lobules
10 total lobes plus lobules alternating  
hairs
   
no  
Corona
no  
Stamen length including anther
   
length stamens exserted beyond distal end of corolla (applicable if corolla is tubular or campanulate)    
position of stamens: a) before anthers dehisce, b) after anthers dehisce    
base expanded laterally?    
filaments purple  
anther color whitish  
anther size    
anther mucronate/mucronulate    
insertion of filament into anther    
anthers of a flower open simultaneously? no Figure 1
pollen quantity per flower 119,000 one flower of Mione 817 collected in Peru (not grown for study); count by Emmett P. Varricchio
pollen grain size diameter (polar view): mean 28.65,
range 27.5 - 30 micrometers
n = 50 grains, stained in cotton blue in lactophenol,
anthers stored in 70% ethanol prior, Mione et al 537, flower collected in wild
Gynoecium, stigma
   
Style
   
Ovary & Ovarian Disk    
Ovules per ovary
78 one flower of Mione 817 collected in Peru (not grown for study); count by T. M.
Nectar
   
Herkogamy    
Protogyny    
Fruit color (at maturity) and size
   
Seeds per fruit
   
Seed Size
   
Chromosome number
   
Growability in Connecticut, USA
   
How long does it take from flower to ripe fruit?
   
Self-Compatible?
   
Seed Germination
   
Ratio of pollen to ovules
1,526 (119,000 / 78 ovules) one flower of Mione 817 collected in Peru
(not grown for study)
Character Above: Description of Jaltomata mionei Figures on this web page

 


Collections of Jaltomata mionei including Geographic Distribution and Altitudes,
all were collected in Peru, Department La Libertad, province Otuzco (chronological order)
Province Locality

elev

m

habitat date collector listed in protologue Listed in Leiva 1998 Data Entry
 Otuzco abajo de San Andrés de Cárcel (camino al Salpo) 2,560 base de roca, tierra húmeda y rodeada de artubustos 10 June 1992 S. Leiva & P. Leiva 558 (HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco arriba de Piedra Gorda (ruta a Samne) 2,600 borde de carretera entre arbustos 27 May 1993 S. Leiva et al. 758 (HAO)
May 2009
 Otuzco abajo de Piedra Gorda (Ruta a Samne) 2,550 ladera 27 May 1993 S. Leiva G. et al. 762 (F, HAO)
May 2009
 Otuzco abajo de Piedra Gorda (Ruta a Samne) 2,550 ladera 27 May 1993 S. Leiva G. et al. 763 (F, HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco abajo de Piedra Gorda (Ruta Salpo - Samne) 2,700 borde de camino 16 June 1993 S. Leiva G. 825 (HAO)
May 2009
 Otuzco abajo de Piedra Gorda (Ruta Salpo-Samne) 2,680 borde de camino 13 Mar 1995 S. Leiva G. 1691 (HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco La Cuesta - El Choloque 1,920 ladera de arbustos 18 Feb 1996 S. Leiva & G. Salinas 1797 (F, HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco ruta La Cuesta -Nambuque 2,200 borde de camino 19 Feb 1996 S. Leiva & P. Lezama 1806 (F, HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco alrededores de Nambuque (arriba de La Cuesta) 2,380 borde de chacra 19 Feb 1996 S. Leiva & G. Salinas 1809 (HAO)
May 2009
Otuzco desvio de Otuzco 2,460 borde de carretera 17 May 1998 S. Leiva G. & V. Quipuscoa S. 2187 (F, HAO, US)
May 2009
Otuzco in valley below the big waterfall above town of Yamobamba,
7.98 W, 78.51 S
2,539 near stream under trees 18 Mar 1999 D. M. Spooner et al. 7315b (NY)
May 2009
Otuzco entre Samne y Otuzco 7 56 17 S, 78 35 42 W 2,340 11 Jun 1999 Leiva, Mione & Yacher 2333; Mione, Leiva & Yacher 637
Feb 2007
Otuzco parked at town of La Cuesta: 7 55 07 S, 78 42 22 W, and walked 2,240 Jun 1999 Leiva, Mione & Yacher 2385; Mione, Leiva & Yacher 683
Feb 2007
Otuzco quick stop when we were delayed by road contstruction; photos and DNA only, not pressed not recorded roadside (full sun) 23 Mar 2013 Mione, Leiva & Yacher 817
May 2013

 

Flowering in Feb, March, May, June.

Figure 4. An out-of-focus ovarian disk, orange, is at the bottom of this photo. One can see the ovarian disk after the corolla-androecium abscises (Mione et al. 817, photo by Thomas Mione)
Figure 5. The hairs (trichomes) of the filaments are unpigmented while the filament is pigmented purple. The stigma is green while the style to which it is attached is whitish (Mione et al. 817, photo by Thomas Mione)
Figure 6. The stigma is green and located centrally between the dehisced anthers (Mione et al. 817, photo by Thomas Mione)

Figure 6.

Jaltomata mionei

 

Ovary dissected open to show annual disk around base of ovary and ovules.

Out of focus metric ruler at base: one mm from vertical black line to vertical black line added with software.

Flower had been stored in 70% ethanol for months prior to dissection.

 

Mione et al. 817