Jaltomata yungayensis Mione & S. Leiva
Peru
revised 28 Sep 2017  
Link to Jaltomata homepage The information on this page may be cited as a communication with professor Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, Connecticut 06050-4010, United States of America.
Novon 10: 53-59. 2000.
Link to the Jaltomata of Ancash, Peru
Link to local names of Jaltomata species including this one
Figure 1. Flower of Jaltomata yungayensis. All five anthers have dehisced.
Mione, Leiva G. & Yacher 785 = Leiva et al 4432
, photo by Thomas Mione
Figure 2. Jaltomata yungayensis. Note that anthers do not dehisce simultaneously.
Mione, Leiva G. & Yacher 785, photo by Thomas Mione
Figure 3. Stigma & style of Jaltomata yungayensis (units are mm, Mione et al. 825, photo by Thomas Mione, flower was stored in 70% ethanol prior to photo).

 

Web Page Construction: many photos, for example of 825 and 826 that could be added.

 

Geographic and Altitudinal Distribution: All specimens: Peru, flowering in Jan, Apr, May, Jun, Oct, Dec.

  Province
Locality
elevation
habitat
date
collector (herbarium)
Ancash Yungay TYPE: Cordillera Blanca, about 200-500 m into Huascarán National Park along road from city of Yungay to lake Chinan Cocha and lake Llanganuco
3,525
sunny rocky roadside with shrubs 19 Jan 1998 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 628 (holotype, NY; isotypes, CONN, MOL)
Ancash Yungay Cordillera Blanca, about 200-500 m into Huascarán National Park along road from city of Yungay to lake Chinan Cocha and lake Llanganuco
3,525
sunny rocky roadside with shrubs 19 Jan 1998 S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 2138
             
    The specimens listed below are arranged N to S        
Ancash Pallasca 77 54 18.8, 08 14 45.1 (not pressed, seeds only).
3,352
roadside 20 May 2008 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 787
Ancash Sihuas 77 41.394, 08 32.561
3,758
roadside, steep slop 13 Jun 2005 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 723;
S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 3358
Ancash Santa Pucapampa (Lampanín-Huaylas)
4,150
ladera 3 May 1987 J. Mostacero L, S. Leiva G. et al. 1897 (NY)
Ancash Huaylas Huascarán National Park, Quebrada Santa Cruz between Lago Santa Cruz Chico and Cashapampa exit, 77 43 W, 8 57 S
3,870 - 3,350
relatively arid shrublands 17 Jan 1985 D N. Smith et al. 9333 (MO)
Ancash Huaylas Huascarán National Park, Auquispuquio area of ruins, 77 58 W, 8 50 S
3,800 - 3,900
grassland/shrubland, intermittantly grazed or cultivated 7 Apr 1986 D. N. Smith et al. 11992 (MO NY)
Ancash Yungay Huascarán National Park, Llanganuco sector, near Park entrance and guard station, 77 41 W, 9 06 S
3,525
steep S-facing scree slope 30 Dec 1984 D. N. Smith & K. Goodwing 8875 (MO NY)
Ancash Yungay Llanganuco, cerca a Orconcocha, Parque Nacional Huascarán
3,900
ladera pedregosa con monte arbustivo 17 Apr 1999 A. Granda P. 2176
Ancash Yungay along road from city of Yungay to lake Chinan Cocha and lake Llanganuco
3,000
roadside 19 Jan 1998 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 629
Ancash Yungay along road from city of Yungay to lake Chinan Cocha and lake Llanganuco
3,000
roadside 19 Jan 1998 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 630
Ancash Yungay along road from city of Yungay to lake Chinan Cocha and lake Llanganuco
3,000
roadside 19 Jan 1998 S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 2139
Ancash Carhuaz Punco, 13 NE of Shilla following valley of Rio Ulta, 77.6 W, 9.1 S
3,605
among large rocks with Rubus in organic soil among shrubs 1 Apr 1999 D. M. Spooner et al. 7348a
Ancash not sure, probably Huaraz Parque Nacional Huascarán, regione Huaraz, Cordillera Blanca
no data
no data
13 Oct 1976 Bernardi et al. 16689 (G, NY)
             
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 8.091 S, 78.144; Montana La Botica, ca. 600 m uphill walk from town of Cachicadán, beginning at hotel built about the hot springs,
3,040
in organic soil, among moss
20 Mar 1999
D. M. Spooner et al. 7321a (herbarium of T. M.)
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 8 05 32.5 S; 78 09 31.3 W, Cachicadán, walk uphill from where the Aguas Termales are exposed (open to air)
about 3,050
 
13 June 1999
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 645; S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 2339
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 8 08 38 S; 78 10 52" W,
3,020
roadside
13 June 1999
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 651; S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 2346
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 8 08 40.8 S, 78 11 03.6 W; about 1.5 km from Santiago de Chuco
3,164
roadside
23 Mar 2013
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 820; S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 5411
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 8 05 32.5 S; 78 09 31.3 W, Cachicadán, walk uphill from where the Aguas Termales are exposed (open to air)
about 3,050
trailside
24 Mar 2013
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 822
La Libertad Santiago de Chuco 08 07.948 S, 78 04.845 W;
On the way to Angasmarca
3,232
roadside, partial shade of trees
25 Mar 2013
T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 825

 

The following specimen is probably J. yungayenis, but I am not certain because there were no flowers on the plant when it was collected:

  Province Locality elevation
habitat
date
collector (herbarium)
Ancash Sihuas 77 50.013,
08 35.959
2,958 m
quebrada edge, dry but not as dry as outside of quebrada 13 Jun 2005 T. Mione, S. Leiva G. & L. Yacher 724;
S. Leiva G., T. Mione & L. Yacher 3359

 

Character Description Figures on this page
Habit & Height
Woody shrub  
Branches, young
   
older
   
Leaves, size
   
shape    
hairs    
petiole    
Inflorescence
   
peduncle
   
pedicel
   
Calyx when flowering
   
shape / position when flowering    
at fruit maturity    
hairs    
Corolla color
   
shape and size
crateriform-infundibular
("campanulate to rotate" in protologue)
 
lobes/lobules
   
hairs
   
Stamen length including anther
   
length stamens exserted beyond distal end of corolla (applicable if corolla has a well-defined tube)    
no flower of 825 was observed with dissecting scope, Sept 2017
base expanded laterally?    
filaments    
anther color    
anther size    
anther mucronate/mucronulate    
insertion of filament into anther    
anthers of a flower open simultaneously?    
pollen grain size    
corona no  
Stigma
  3
Style
  3
Ovary
   
Nectar
   
Herkogamy    
Protogyny    
Fruit color (at maturity)
orange  
Seeds per fruit and fruit size
66 seeds in a fruit 8.5 X 10 mm (Mione et al. 787);
91 seeds in a fruit 12 mm X 10 mm (Mione et al. 825)
 
Seed Size
   
Character Description of Jaltomata yungayensis Figures on this web page

 

Character Description  
Growability in Connecticut, USA
   
How long does it take from flower to ripe fruit?
   
Flowers Closing For The Night?
"around 7:30 pm without artificial lights,
otherwise after lights turn off"
Jamie Kostyun, personal communication, from observations on Mione 723
Self-Compatible?
   
Seed Germination
no data  
Pollen quantity per flower 110,000 - 111,000 n = 2 flowers, Mione et al. 820 & 825,
pollen counts by Emmett P. Varricchio 2013
Ovules per ovary
71 - 85 n = 2 flowers, Mione et al. 820 & 825, ovules of both locules counted by Thomas Mione, 2013
Ratio of pollen to ovules
   
Chromosome number
1307 - 1544 n = 2 flowers, Mione et al. 820 & 825
Character Jaltomata yungayensis  

 

 

Jaltomata yungayensis

 

 

Mione et al. 651

 

 

photo by
Thomas Mione

 

Seed Germination: Seeds stored in the refrigerator for 21 months and then sown on moist potting mix showed the first above-ground signs of germination after 16 days. A plug-in, warm germination mat was under the cups in which the seeds were planted. Seeds of accession Mione et al. 723 were collected Jun 05 and sown 12 Apr 2007 with first germination 28 Apr 2007.


photo of type collection of Jaltomata yungayensis photo of type collection of Jaltomata yungayensis
Photo by Segundo Leiva G. Photo by Segundo Leiva G.

Link to Jaltomata homepage The information on this page may be cited as a communication with professor Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University, Biology Department, Copernicus Hall, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, Connecticut 06050-4010, United States of America.
Link to the Jaltomata of Ancash, Peru